Cybersquatting

22.12.2020

Cybersquatting (cybersquatting, seizure of domains) is one of the ways to make money on the Internet by registering various domain names that are similar in spelling to the names of corporate brands, popular sites or a certain trademark for the purpose of further abuse or resale.

Control over such domain names makes it possible to demand certain amounts from the legitimate owners of sites, trademarks, new companies for ransom. Otherwise, due to the popularity of the name of the original site and the large number of visits by random visitors (who came to the wrong address), the owners of the captured sites can earn money from viewing advertisements posted on Internet pages.

Types of cybersquatting
Depending on the goals pursued and the type of activity of the cybersquatter on the captured domains, the following types are distinguished:

• Branded cybersquatting. The attacker's direction of activity is based on registration of non-original domains with company names, trademarks, popular proper names, in other words, with means of individualization that are protected by law
• Typesquatting. The principle of operation is based on the registration in the network of sites close in spelling of domain names with a large traffic of visits, counting on user errors when entering the exact address. For example, the original site www.example.ru can be replaced by www.exampl.ru. Absolutely any advertising information can be placed on a site that is very similar in writing.
• Protective cybersquatting. The legal owner of the site independently registers all consonant, semantic-related domain names similar to the original name of their own site. All this is done in order to provide protection against cybersquatters. In addition, as the owner of multiple domains, the owner can effectively use them to redirect clients from secondary sites to the primary site.

How cybersquatting works
A person who registers domain names for the purpose of further extortion or blackmailing the legitimate owners of the original sites is called a cybersquatter. On newly created sites, he can post negative information about the company's activities, spoil the image, place advertising products of competitors. Despite the fact that the activity of a cybersquatter is illegal, very few companies go to court to annul such sites and prosecute the fraudster, since the legal proceedings can take several months. It is much easier to redeem the captured domains, which means fully satisfy the needs of a cybersquatter and secretly contribute to the development of this business on the Internet.